Debt Doesn’t Cure Debt!
While wandering the streets of Seattle last week a LendingTree.com billboard cried out for a Money Counselor head-scratching post. Unfortunately I didn’t have any camera with me, but the billboard’s message essentially was this:
Up to Your Eyeballs in Debt?
Take Out a Loan!
Am I the only one who sees some irony here?
What is LendingTree.com?
According to its website, LendingTree.com is “the nation’s leading online lender exchange.” In short, if you’re in need of a loan, you can apply through LendingTree and, in theory, receive competing loan offers from multiple lenders. This saves you time compared to applying to a bunch of lenders individually and may help you find the least cost loan.
Can Taking Out a Loan Help Cure Too Much Debt?
The unstated idea behind LendingTree’s recommendation is to take out a home equity or so-called consolidation loan, or to refinance your current mortgage and take cash out (like millions of now underwater homeowners did in the decade or so leading up to the 2008 U.S. housing crash), to pay off other, smaller but higher cost, debts like credit card or medical debt.
What’s wrong with this idea? Plenty. Everyone’s situation is unique, but in general:
- Replacing unsecured debt—like credit card or medical debt—with secured debt like a home equity loan or refinanced mortgage is bad strategy. Unsecured debt usually has a higher interest rate than secured debt, but it also has one very appealing feature: it’s unsecured. That means if you can’t pay, you’re not going to be in jeopardy of forfeiting property like your home or car. While devastating to your credit, you can rid yourself of unsecured debt through bankruptcy if you cannot repay the debt and creditors are pursuing intolerable tactics like garnishment. If you can’t pay a secured debt, you’re going to lose to the lender the property you signed over as security. And you’re credit’s going to be trashed.
- Many people who take out a consolidation loan for the purpose of repaying credit card debt do use the loan proceeds to pay off or down the high cost credit card debt. Then, their financial habits unchanged, they run the credit card balances up to the maximum again. In the end they’ve got all the credit card debt they started out with plus the consolidation loan. For most people most of the time, consolidation loans postpone resolution, and usually exacerbate, a debt challenge, instead of solving it. Be honest with yourself. A low cost consolidation loan can help repay debt, but to assure that’s going to happen, close all but one low-limit credit card account after you use the loan proceeds to pay off all of your credit cards. No cheating by opening a new credit card account until the consolidation loan is repaid!
We All Think Nothing Will Go Wrong
I know what you’re thinking. “Pooh on Money Counselor, I’ve got a good job and my house value has been going up. I’m going to take out a cheap home equity loan and pay off these credit cards at 18%. That’ll save me a bundle.”
And you’re right; you may save a bundle, if none of these (or a lot of other stuff I won’t mention) happen:
- Disability or health challenges that lead to an extended income loss
- You continue the bad habits that led to big balances on your credit cards in the first place
- You want to relocate but find that the market value of your house is less than your mortgage + home equity loan balance
To Cure Debt: PAY IT OFF
With no close second, the best way to deal with a debt challenge is to adopt a plan to pay it off, not move it around. You can read more about my recommendations for dealing with debt here:
What’s Your Story?
Have you taken out a consolidation or secured loan with the intention of paying off higher cost debts? How did your plan work out?